Sunday, January 29, 2012

Salvation - An Art of Ayurvedic Living

Ayurveda, an ancient science of life, resorts to the overall development of the mankind. It does not limit itself in physical boundaries, but expands the wisdom of its experiences to guide the life to the ultimate realm, the salvation. Every breath in this physical world is a journey towards the fundamental reality of life – the death. Factually the death should not be an ending, but a beginning of the unknown world. Since the time of evolution, human race conquered many mile stones. The science of medicines made amazing discoveries in the field of life, but unfortunately, no one could define how the journey ends? Why the heart stops beating even though the muscles of it are not prone to the fatigue? But the answer is illusive. When the logic cannot define something, one needs to turn towards philosophy. Ayurveda explains, “An ultimate purpose of human life is to get Moksha (salvation).” To get rid of the vicious cycle of rebirth is called as Moksha. To explain the salvation, different methodologies have been taught. Ayurveda says, “Physical body manifests itself due to Moha (attachment), Icha (desires), and Dwesha (revenge).” In a simpler format it could be assigned that Moksha (Salvation) is the complete detachment from these mental blocks. It is the union of oneself with the cosmic conscious. Though, it remains an uphill task to find the cosmic awareness, however many methodologies have been formulated in different philosophies. 
Ayurveda classifies Atma (The soul) in two categories; Paramatma (The universal conscious), and Jeevatma (The conscious). Difference between the conscious and cosmic awareness could be identified in following verse,
निर्विकार परस्त्वात्मा सत्व भूत गुण एन्द्रीयहि !
चैतनयो कारणं  नित्यो द्रष्टा पश्यती हि सर्वा क्रिया !!
                                    चरक संहिता/ सूत्र स्थान
Paramatma (the pure conscious) is Nirvikar (absolutely perfect). When the universal conscious combines with Satva (mind), Bhoota (five elements), Guna (qualities), and Indriya (senses), it manifests itself into the physical body. It is immortal, spectator, and witnesses all the actions.
Above definition of Paramatma is an absolute eye opener. It does not only describe the existence of the Almighty, but also makes us realize that every individual is the manifestation of the universal conscious. As per the description, universal awareness multiplies itself into various forms of life and each of the living entity is mere replication of that perfect self. It raises a question. If we are all the part of that Paramatma, we should be equally aware. Acharya Charaka says, “When the conscious unites the Bhoota, it is predominated by Rajas (selfish mobility), and Tamas (blissful ignorance) which results in subconscious suppression of the ultimate wisdom.” It makes us to forget our origin and enables us to become mechanical entities.
The ultimate purpose of human life is to realize that particle of the supreme conscious within oneself and all. Because our analytical ability is an advantage above the other races of life. Probably this is the reason why we are repetitively told that human life is precious. The time we separate ourselves from the mental and physical limitations, it lifts our conscious to another level of awareness. One should practice conscious detachment from the materialism. Having said that, it does not mean that one should not love what he does, but one should not cultivate the nature of possession. One should constantly practice to overcome the desires because desires result in greed which further ends up in attachment to the Karma (resulting action). And any residual desire forces the conscious to reincarnate itself to materialize the completion in next life. Having said that it does not mean not to have any desires, but one should try to fulfill the desire that had manifested within the subconscious and at the same time one should constantly practice to limit the desires which are manifested out of the greed quotient. The sense of revenge is another factor responsible as a blocking stone on the road of higher conscious. Ayurveda call it as Dwesha. One should cultivate the habit of loving thy world as a replica of itself. Not to have the sense of jealousy and also not to have a feeling of competition. Completion makes us the part of the rat race. It also develops the inferiority complex that end up in various forms of mental sickness. This again holds us back to be spiritually free and lands us into the cycle of rebirth. Ayurveda says, “when mind overcomes Rajas (selfish mobility), and Tamas (blissful ignorance), it destroys even the strongest of your Karma (unaware actions) resulting in spiritual freedom, which is nothing but Moksha (The Salvation)."

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